Diferencias entre la hierbabuena y la menta

Es muy habitual confundir estas dos plantas aromáticas, la mayoría de la gente no sabe diferenciar entre una y la otra. Son dos hierbas de la misma familia y con propiedades muy similares, no obstante se pueden diferenciar a simple vista y tienen un sabor distinto. La menta es el nombre de la familia de estas plantas, y la hierbabuena es una clase de menta.

La hierbabuena

hierbabuenaLa hierbabuena es una planta que se puede sembrar de manera muy fácil. Es de hoja perenne y de fácil cultivo, ya que se expande rápidamente por el lugar que se planta. Normalmente se suele plantar con esquejes y puede hacerse tanto en macetas como directamente en el suelo. Prefiere un lugar sombreado y necesita de riego abundante, será necesario que la tierra mantenga la humedad para que crezca y se reproduzca. Si te olvidas de regar tu planta de yerbabuena o la dejas expuesta al sol no durará en tu huerto urbano.

¿En qué se suele usar?

Su uso principal es el culinario. En la comida marroquí se suele usar muchísimo para condimentar el cous-cous y preparar infusiones muy refrescantes ideales para el verano. Pero la bebida estrella que se realiza con hiervabuena como principal ingrediente son los mojitos. Ideales para combatir los calurosos veranos. Es ideal que tengas en tu terraza una hueco con esta planta aromática, te dará un aroma refresco. En la dieta mediterránea también se usa para cocinar gazpachos, ensaladas, infusiones…

La menta

planta de menta

La planta de la menta es muy parecida a la hierbabuena ya que como hemos dicho antes tiene son de la misma familia. La puedes diferenciar porque el color es de un verde más fuerte, las hojas son menos rugosas y al tacto se notan más finas, además el tallo es de un color rojizo. Pero la pregunta es; ¿Realmente son distintas? Su principal diferencia es el olor, que es la característica principal que diferencia a las estas plantas aromáticas.

Esta hierba aromática no se suele usar tanto como la hierbabuena en la cocina, en cambio se suele usar más en las infusiones ya que este tipo de planta ayuda a combatir las digestiones pesadas y disminuye los gases. También en la industria farmacéutica para enjuagues bucales o pastas de dientes. Ambas plantas aportan beneficios medicinales como desinflamar las vías respiratorias cuando estamos resfriados.

Atrévete a cultivar las dos plantas en tu jardín y así poder diferenciarlas, verás que es una planta fácil de tener en casa y será ideal para iniciar en tu huerto. Además, no tiene precio poder prepararte una infusión con un tallo de menta recién cortado del macetero de tu ventana.

 

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