Siembra de Tomates

La Siembra de los Tomates suele hacerse en épocas de calor, en ese momento en que empiezan a subir las temperaturas y las heladas son menos frecuentes.
La especie que he escogido para la siembra es el Tomate Marmande.

¿Cuando es la Siembra de Tomates?

La mejor época para la siembra es de marzo a mayo. Si decides empezar tu huerto ahora, lo mejor es que empieces a hacer la germinación a principios de marzo.
Recuerda que para la primera etapa de la siembra de tomates y cuando empieces a germinar debes mantener un temperatura estable, debe ser cálida. Lo ideal es mantener un clima entre 18 y 23°C. Esta especie de tomates tardará en aparecer las primeras plantas unos 14-20 días.

¿Cómo sembrar los Tomates?

Siembra Tomates

Para una correcta Siembra de Tomates haz un surco de medio centímetro en la tierra y esparce las semillas. No acumules muchas semillas juntas para facilitar el crecimiento. Cubre las semillas con medio cm de tierra y presiona bien para que quede bien compacto. Coloca el invernadero en un lugar cálido. Preferiblemente en un lugar interior hasta que las heladas cesen.

Mantén las semillas siempre húmedas hasta que  germinen, que la tierra no se seque nunca. Lo ideal es humedecer la tierra regándola con cuidado, lo mejor es rociando el agua con regadera o un dispersor de agua.

Ten un especial cuidado en que la tierra no se seque nunca y que no se acumule agua en la bandeja.

Si estás usando invernadero presta atención a la tapa y retira el agua que se acumule por la condensación, deberás hacerlo diariamente.

Cuando hayan brotado las primeras hojas de tus tomateras quita la tapa. Necesitan mucha luz para crecer.

Cuando hayan brotado unas 4-5 hojas ya puedes trasplantar las tomateras en macetas. Si has optado por un invernadero grande puedes esperar a que crezcan un poco más. Cuando las temperaturas suban y las mínimas no sean de heladas es aconsejable sacar las plantas al exterior ya que deben acostumbrarse al clima.

En el momento que las tomateras se hagan grandes debes atarlas a tutores, como por ejemplo cañas, de esta manera las guiarás y servirán para aguantar el peso cuando los tomates crezcan.

Las tomateras necesitan muchos cuidados, probablemente no es una de las hortalizas más fáciles de cultivar, pero si es la reina del huerto.

Consejos para la Siembra de Tomates

Te dejo algunos consejos que te ayudarán a que sobrevivan y den unos tomates riquísimos:

  • Necesitan muchos nutrientes, para ello usa abono tanto al inicio en la germinación, como durante el cultivo.
  • Riégalas cada 2-3 semanas con sustrato seco diluido en agua. Ayudará a que crezcan las tomateras sanas y fuertes.
  • Ubícalas en un lugar muy soleado y resguardado de la lluvia.
  • No olvides regarlas con frecuencia, necesitan un riego regular. La humedad es clave.

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